Wednesday, March 6, 2019

Jean Watson’s Theory of Caring

dungaree Watsons Theory of Caring Jean Watsons Theory of Caring Dr. Jean Watson developed a theory of pitying pity that has become natural in breast feeding. Caring is at the core of breast feeding and is vital in providing positive patient role outcomes. Watsons theory of compassionate back be applied to patient situation and his or her purlieu. She based her theory upon human lovingness relationships and experiences of human life.She ac friendships a feel for relationship and a pity environment preserve human dignity, wholeness, and integrity and to restore the mortals harmony it is the draws business to assist an individual to turn up meaning in illness and suffering (Cara, 2003). Nurses have a responsibility to evaluate the patients physical, mental, and emotional well- existence. Watson developed her theory in 1979 and revised it in 1985 and 1988.The majority of the revisions was made to her carative factors that she cerebrates is the fancy for the core of brea st feeding (Cara, 2003, p. 52). According to Sulimann, Welmann, Omer, and Thomas, (2009), Watsons theory suggests that, Caring is a different centering of being human, present, attentive, conscious, and intentional. Nursing is centered on alleviateing the patient grasp a higher degree of harmony within mind, body, and soul, and this harmony is achieved d unmatched caring transactions involving a transpersonal caring relationship (p. 294).The major part of Watsons theory are the carative factors, the transpersonal caring relationship, and the caring occasion caring present moment (Cara, 2003, p. 51). Watson has 10 carative factors, and she uses the word carative to contrast the word curative apply in conventional medicine (Cara, 2003, p. 52). Watson believed that caring and curing were independent of apiece other(a) (Bailey, 2009, p. 18). Cara (2003) indicates carative factors attempt to, Honor the human dimensions of treats break and the inner life world and subjective ex periences of the people we serve (p. 2). The 10 carative factors are the formation of a humanistic-altruistic value system, instillation of faith and hope, coating of sensitivity to self and others, development of helping-trusting relationships, expression of positive and shun feelings, imaginative problem-solving caring process, promotion of transpersonal t each(prenominal)ing and learning, supportive, protective, and corrective mental, physical, societal, and spiritual environment, assistance with human needs, and allowance for existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces (Cohen, 1991, p. 906).Looking at these carative factors, I can see how Watson desire to address aspects of the patient to make it more of a holistic barbel with the concept of caring at the core. These carative factors was used by Watson to develop her transpersonal caring relationship, this relationship describes how the bang for goes beyond an objective assessment, showing concern toward the persons sub jective and crypticaler meaning regarding his or her suffer wellness attending situation (Cara, 2003, p. 53). The nurses caring consciousness becomes crucial to depart together and establish a relationship with the cautiond-for to promote health and healing.The nurse has a moral commitment to the patient to protect and enhance his or her human dignity as well as his or her deeper self. bingle of the carative factors of developing a trusting relationship has to be in a place for a transpersonal relationship to occur. In the transpersonal relationship, a mutual contri hardlye of faith and hope are present as described in one of Watsons carative factors. Developing a transpersonal relationship with the patients has to involve a cultivation of sensitivity toward the patients and being able to support and protect him or her in the environment is essential for this kind of relationship to occur.I do not believe in the readiness with patient consider to have a transpersonal rela tionship with patients if the nurse cannot first use the carative factors with patients. Watson developed seven assumptions in her caring object lesson to incorporate the humanistic value system with scientific knowledge. Watson believed that charge and knowledge are essential for building a caring-healing framework (Bailey, 2009, p. 18). If we just do one without the other, I personally do not think we depart obtain the same results.We need to be caring toward our patients and show them we care but we also need to do medical interventions that will let the caring and healing together, Watsons seven basic assumptions of the science of caring as follows 1) Caring can only be effectively show and practiced interpersonally. 2) Caring consists of carative factors that lead to the sitisfaction of certain human needs. 3) impressive caring health and growth for the individual and family. 4) Caring responses accept a person the way he or she is no matter how he or she may change in the future. ) A caring environment allows the patient to strike the best action for him that offers the development of potential at any time. 6) Caring is more healthogenic than curing. Caring is complimentary to the science of curing. 7) The practice of nursing is central to nursing (Bailey, 2009, p. 18). The last assumption that Watson made is that nursing is central to nursing (Bailey, 2009, p. 18). To understand what she meant by this, it is important to see how Watson pictures nursing. She views the accent of nursing as the interaction between nurse and patient.She views the goal of nursing as a science where the health and illness experiences are intermediate by different transactions such as professional, personal, scientific, and ethical. Last she views the uniqueness of nursing as the spiritual growth of people within these interactions. They can release feelings, and help gain self-healing (Cohen, 1991, p. 906). I have seen how she viewed different aspects of nursing and how they convert over to caring moments with our patients. I recently had a caring moment with a patient who contributed to my own self-actualization.My patient was a 78-year-old antheral admitted to the hospital with pneumonia and a collapsed lung. Two chest tubes was placed in his left wing lung and chest x-rays was obtained showing the presence of a cancerous tumor. Upon hearing the results he and his family was devastated. He was afraid of dying and what was going to happen to his wife of 60 years. I had a caring moment with him as I sat and listened to him express his feelings nigh death and dying, and he shared how he was feeling. I allowed him to discuss his beliefs of the dying process and how he viewed them.He said he felt much better having someone listen to him express his feelings. He believed he could face death and that he needed to look deep into himself and trust that his wife would be all right. This was a caring moment with this elderly gentleman in which I show ed my patient he was deserving my time. He could go very deep because of the trust we had been building. Watson defines the person as a being in the world comprised of body, mind, and spirit. These are influenced by the concept that oneself is unique and free to make choices.She sees a person as one that needs to be accepted for whom he or she is and who he or she may become (Cara, 2003, p. 55). With my patient, I operated in this view of the person as I demonstrated several of the carative factors of Watsons theory with my patient. I could help him find a sense of faith and hope that his wife would be taken care of after his death. I allowed him to express his positive and negative feelings just about dying. I used transpersonal teaching and learning with him as I taught him some of the details of what happens as he dies as well as I learned much about him as a person and how he sees life and death.I met his physical needs by care him comfortable and I offered support for his me ntal, physical, and spiritual environment. With his permission, I arranged a visit with the chaplain, to offer more spiritual support for him. Watsons description of health is a persons subjective experience, and one of her assumptions about health is that caring will promote health with the patient or the family (Cara, 2003, p. 56). I believe that each individual person has his or her own idea of what health means to him or her.We need to discover how each patient defines health for his or her own situation. In this moment with my patient, I worked with him to promote health. This was not the health that immediately comes to ones mind. This was not health as an absence of illness. This patient was not going to get better in his physical health. I tried to promote health with him in the spiritual and emotional parts of the patient. He began to release the worries about his wife and find a more healthful attitude to go in after our conservation.The caring environment that Watson de scribes is her assumption allows the person to choose the best actions for him at any time, and the nurse can help serve the environment that the patient desires. My patient wanted some time solely with his wife in the room and did not want to offend his other family members. I told him not to worry about it that I would take care of that for him, and he could focus on having some time with his wife. This was important for him and I could facilitate this change in environment for my patient. He made the decision, but I helped to facilitate it.Watsons caring theory really modify me and the area of nursing that I am currently working. I am working on an intensive care unit where my patients come in near death situations daily. These patients need a nurse who understands what it means to care and develop a transpersonal relationship. These patients are coming to grips with the facts that they are about to pretermit their lives and what happens when they die. They begin questioning e verything about this life and what happens to them when they die. These patients really need to be seen as unique individuals with specific needs of their own.My caring moment with my patient who seems like his life was greatly fulfilled prior to death leads me to believe that it is very possible to implement Watsons theory in daytime-to- day nursing practice. Through the research on Watsons theory of caring, it provided me with the ability to learn the essential elements of her theory and apply them to clinical situation in the work environment. References Bailey, D. (2009). Caring defined a comparison and analysis. International diary for Human Caring, 13(1), 16-31. Retrieves from CINTAHL positive with Full Text database. Cara, C. (2003).A pragmatic view of Jean Watsons caring theory. International Journal for Human Caring, 7(3), 51-61. Retrieved from CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Cohen, J. (1991). Two portraits of caring a comparison of theorists, Leininger and Watson. Journal o f right Nursing, 16(8), 899-909. Retrieved from CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Suliman,W. , Welmann, E. , Omer, T. , & Thomas, L. (2009). Applying Watsons Nursing Theory to Assess patient Perceptions of Being Cared for in a Multicultural Environment. Journal of Nursing search (Taiwan Nurses Association). 17 (4), 293-300. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database

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