Thursday, March 7, 2019

Periyar’s Self Respect Movement

COLLECTIVE ACTION AND COOPERATION ASSIGNMNET PERIYARS SELF RESPECT drift SUBMITTED TO Prof. Sony Pellissery SUBMITTED BY Ashish Chaturvedi (29042) Avinash Dwarapu (29014) INSTITUTE OF RURAL MANAGEMENT ANAND 2008 self Respect thrust was started by E. V Ramasamy Naicker. He was popularly known as Thanthai Periyar. This trend was intended to provide decent rights to non Brahmin backward ranks in Tamil Nadu. All through his life, Periyar fought against Brahmin domination. E. V Ramasamy Naicker was born on eighteenth November in 1879.He was born in a rich postgraduate class family. He was a normal kid in either means. He left school at an early sequence of twelve and coupled his mothers business. He got married to Nagammai at the age of nineteen and started handling his fathers business after his fathers death. Very soon, he became well acquainted with the business. Periyar later entered politics. Periyar entered the universal scene with the formation of Madras Presidency Assoc iation in 1917. It is in this dwelling house that his convictions and ideals were strengthened. He was known for taking ecisions on his own without the influence or pressure from others. At this time he showed some affiliation towards the friendly intercourse party. He found the ideals of Congress party such as removal of untouchability, prohibition, improvement in the condition of masses similar to his ideology. He joined congress in 1919. He became a staunch follower of Gandhian principles. In 1920 Gandhiji started the non cooperation apparent ordure. Periyar closed down his whole sale business for the induct and as well as in order to fully establish for the congress.His commendable work during the Temperance faecal matter and Khalar Movement and also the Vaikom satyagraha made him very(prenominal) popular. He was devoted the title of Vaikom Veerar (Vaikom Hero). Slowly Periyar started loosing faith in the principles of congress party, because he felt that some leader s in the party itself were trying to splay differences found upon community. He was also in opposition to Gandhis and Nehrus meaning of granting immunity. Gandhis meaning of freedom had a religious appendage to it, which Periyar never agreed upon.Nehru freedom willing be achieved only when we will be free from the clutches of the British. But periyar felt that true freedom means when one is free from only inequalities and everyone is the same in all conditions. This loss of faith in the principles of Congress, forced him to leave congress. Apart from this he was also very disturbed by the inequalities present in the society. He realized that the velocity classes (the Brahmins) were the main heap who were propagating the inequalities. Incidents such as Kashi yatra and Vaikom were the seeds for Self respect movement.Periyar at the age of 25 went Varanasi because it was believed to be a very holy place. When he went there he noniced that Brahmins were being given better treat ment. Periyar being a non Brahmin was not given both food. He was also not allowed to live in the hostel because it was meant for the Brahmins. This examine made him completely against Hinduism. The other event that hurt him more than the precedent was that which happened in Vaikom in Kerala. At Vaikom, the lower caste people were not even allowed to walk or pass through the streets where there were temples.These incidents authentically frustrated Periyar and he decided to start a movement against these accessible evils that treated people irrationally on the basis of the caste they took contain in. He was completely dejected to be a part of the mixer structure where one class of people claimed to be superior to others. Periyar belonged to upper class and an scotchally well-off family so in real monetary value he was not being affected by the situation. Hence he entered as an external agent in the whole scene to tie-up with these people and motivate them to raise their voi ces against the age old exploitations.His extra-rational intentions to start this movement were to completely eradicate untouchability and to establish a united society based on brotherhood and sisterhood. The incidents of exploitation and ill treatment to the backward classes unplowed on building the frustration amongst the leave out masses but the major incidents like Vaikom episode instigated people to rise against these exploitations. This incident female genitalia be looked from the convergence approach where frustration and impulse move ons on building, until a corporate action is activated by an incident.This period was actually the time of hearty unrest because it was the time when the individual action was getting transformed into a collective action. The first Self Respect Conference was organized on 17th and 18th February Chegalpattu, Tamil Nadu where the main agendas related to tackling the situation of variation were discussed. More than six thousand common peopl e attended this group discussion basically to gain some insights regarding the social equality, social evils and ways of overcoming the forces of exploitation. two more conferences took place in 1930 and 1931 with the common aim to make people realize the need for a movement to fight against all betting odds and demand equality. It was actually after the conference of 1931 that the Self Respect Movement gained momentum and people started realizing that caste differences should never be encouraged. They started to feel that there should be equality in terms of social and economical considerations. The social swear out rendered by Periyar thus helped in the liberation nd upliftment of the neglected masses and brought them into the mainstream of National Life. Through this movement, Periyar wanted to enlighten the people by uprooting their ignorance. He apply public forums to give speeches and instigate people to mould about change in the institutions and values that lead to meaning less divisions and dirty discriminations. He stuck to non-violence methods such as speech and other similar propagandas. He advised people to change according to the requirements of the changing times and keep pace with the modern conditions.Periyar was of the opinion that everyone in politics was bound to become dishonest and betray the cause he is working for. So he tried his best to keep policy-making service and social service separate and kept away from politics completely. The Dravid Kazhagam party to which he belonged was also a social party and not a political one. Later, the political parties DMK and AIDMK were the offshoots of the Dravid Kazhagam party that still carry some similar ideologies of bringing economic and social equality in the society.This movement resulted in the change in the way people thought. Periyar was able to create this awakening among the people who had, for generations, got used to a subordinate position. They started recognising the importance o f sending their children to school and demanding equal rights and status. The meaning(a) results of the movement were self-respect for the backward classes, reduction in the domination by Brahmins, social reform, economic equality to the backward classes, eradication of caste, removal of caste names.There were some other achievements that were not under the agenda of the movement in the beginning but were achieved during the course of this movement like upliftment and equal rights for women and inter-caste marriages. The laudable social progress that has been achieved now in Tamil Nadu can be attributed to the Self-Respect Movement and the tireless propaganda conducted by Periyar over the years. References 1. kind movements in India- Rao, M. S. A 2. A research paper by Louis Antony (http//snphilosophers2005. tripod. com/louis. pdf) 3. http//www. thanthaiperiyar. org/political-career/self-respect-movement/

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