Wednesday, April 24, 2019

Decline of USSR after the Cold War Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Decline of USSR after the Cold struggle - Essay ExampleThe collapse of the Soviet Union is regarded by the West as a supremacy for emancipation, a triumph of majority rule over totalitarianism, and evidence of the superiority of capitalism over socialism. (Fall of the Soviet Union). The light upon of the Soviet Union plunder rightly be understood as the fall of communism and the incidental spread of democracy as a better form of government.The growth of communism in the USSR can be traced back to the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. The newly formed Government after the revolution was ground on socialistic and communistic ideologies and the aim of the Bolsheviks was to overcome provinceal differences, and rather to create one large state based on a centralized economical and policy-making system. (Fall of the Soviet Union). later on, the state was change into a totalitarian state which was controlled by the communist leadership. However, the totalitarian government could no t assimilate the non-Russian pagan groups in the country and the economic planning g of the state proved to be inadequate to reach the need of the time and its arms race with the United States proved to be disastrous for the nation. By the time, Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet Unions last leader, assumed power in the nation, the economic and political problems in the country was at its peak.In 1985, the preference of Mikhail Gorbachev to the position of General Secretary of the Soviet Union led to more political and economic easiness in the Moscow regime. The Gorbachev era witnessed many radical economic reforms like perestroika in the USSR. The Glasnost offered greater freedom of expression and offered freedom of press which can be marked as the first step towards democracy in the nation. The Glasnost had far reaching effects in the USSR as the media brought to spotlight many of the social and political issues that the people were dissatisfied with, and this brought about a sort of new nationalism and resulted in ethnic tensions. In January 1987, Gorbachev moved a step forward to democratic way of multi-candidate elections and later his reforms were aimed at reducing the Communist partys hold in governmental affairs. The ultimate result of these reforms was that the central Moscow government lost its infinite control over the USSRs ingredient republics and brought about decentralization of power. Gorbachevs radical reforms, in a way, offered opportunity for the constituent republics to demand autonomy and independence. It was the Baltic region under the government of Estonia that protested against the Moscow regime in 1987. Later Lithuania and Latvia came out with similar upheavals and culminated in the coup detat of 1991. There were massive protests in the nation and the military refused to break down the protestors who were led by Yeltsin. After the failed coup attempt there were public demonstrations demanding democracy in the nation and finally on De cember 25, 1991, Gorbachev had to resign and the Commonwealth of Independent Republics replaced the communist regime. Boris Yeltsin resigned from the communist party and declared Russias independence. This stirred the

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