Thursday, July 18, 2019
Influence of Humanism and Renaissance Italian Art
During the Italian Renaissance , humanism played an important role ininfluencing the artist of that time in their paintings and what they drew. The definition ofÃ humanism is the denial of any power or moral value superior to that of humanity; theÃ rejection of religion in favor of a belief in the advancement of humanity by its ownÃ efforts. This means that many of the philosophers, scientists, and artists of that timeÃ started to reject the ideas of the church. Previously almost all pictures had to do withÃ religion but this changed and is shown in two works in the Italian Renaissance. They areÃ The School of Athens, by Raphael, and in The Last Supper, by Leonardo da Vinci.Taking a first glimpse of The School of Athens by Raphael, you will see that thereÃ is humanism everywhere. You can tell that it was planned carefully, and portrayedÃ something meaningful to the artist. In the painting The School of Athens you can noticeÃ an extremely dominant theme: Humanism. Th e artist, Raphael, shows a thirstÃ andÃ eagerness for knowledge that is displayed everywhere in the painting. This gives us aÃ glimpse of what society was back in the Renaissance. Judging by the painting, it wasÃ mainly revolving around education and advancement. In The School of Athens, RaphaelÃ paints people learning from, debating against and simply ignore one another.EachÃ individual illustrates a point about society in the Renaissance. Similar to the theme andÃ the setting of the painting, these interactions mostly have to do with knowledge andÃ understanding, as the school would not be a place of social life back then. Both theÃ theme of and people in the painting are included in the realism of a painting to show aÃ society, which is used effectively in The School of Athens by Raphael.In The Last Supper, by Leonardo da Vinci, Leonardo also uses humanismÃ although it has to do somewhat with religion. In the painting, there is immense amountsÃ of symmetry in this painting. This was important to humanism because everything wasÃ supposed to be balanced. Also man's perfection was a big part in the renaissance, and aÃ body is symmetrical. So some symmetry in The Last Supper was, on either side of JesusÃ was a group of six people, then in those groups of people each was split into two otherÃ groups, all very even and symmetrical. There was also four panels on each side of theÃ walls.Another characteristic of humanism art was real emotions. Every single person inÃ this painting( besides Jesus, who was left out for obvious reasons) is not smiling. TheyÃ are giving real emotions. Humanism art was all about emotions, and being real. All theÃ people in the painting seem concerned or anxious, all real emotions, they are not justÃ happy all the time. Like what was stated before, artist of the time wanted to show howÃ real people in the paintings were. All the people have shaded in feature which give themÃ the look of real people.As you can see, by these two works and also by many others, there much muchÃ humanism involved. In almost every painting, the artists drew more life like pictures andÃ people showing the expressions of their faces and the society they had lived in at thatÃ time. You can see this in the two examples that I showed. Both of them had similarÃ aspects because both had realistic people in them, and both pictures showed expressionsÃ on the peoples faces.